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Hex cap screws

Hex cap screws ASME standard B18.2.1-1996 specifies Hex Cap Screws whose size range is 0.25–3 in (6.35–76.20 mm) in diameter. These fasteners are very similar to hex bolts. They differ mostly in that they are manufactured to tighter tolerances than the corresponding bolts. Machinery’s Handbook refers parenthetically to these fasteners as “Finished Hex Bolts”.[14] Reasonably, these fasteners might be referred to as bolts, but based on the US government document Distinguishing Bolts from Screws, the US government might classify them as screws because of the tighter tolerance.[15] In 1991 responding to an influx of counterfeit fasteners Congress passed PL 101-592[16] “Fastener Quality Act” This resulted in the rewriting of specifications by the ASME B18 committee. B18.2.1[17] was re-written and as a result they eliminated the “Finished Hex Bolts” and renamed them the “Hex Cap Screw”—a term that had existed in common usage long before, but was now also being codified as an official name for the ASME B18 standard.

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